Mary Boone Gallery

Mary Boone画廊于1977年成立于纽约。首间画廊是位于著名SoHo西百老汇大街420号的一个小型底层空间。从一开始,画廊便致力于展示富有创意的年轻艺术家作品。

20世纪80年代早期,从画廊起步的两位艺术家 David Salle 和 Julian Schnabel 得到了广泛的国际认可。两位艺术家都获得在Mary Boone画廊和楼上的邻居画廊Leo Castelli同时办展的机会。1981年9月,通过对街对面一间卡车车库进行大规模改造,Mary Boone画廊得以扩张。

这一时期,画廊名下其他出色的纽约艺术家有 Richard Artschwager、Jean-Michel Basquiat、Ross Bleckner、Eric Fischl、Roni Horn、Barbara Kruger、Sherrie Levine、Brice Marden、Matt Mullican 和 Richard Tuttle。20世纪80年代期间,画廊也代理了一些重要的国际艺术家,如 Georg Baselitz、James Lee Byars、Francesco Clemente、Jorg Immendorff、Anselm Kiefer、Jannis Kounellis、Malcolm Morley 和 Sigmar Polke。

画廊也会不定期举办一些历史回顾展,如 Francis Picabia 的作品展、Marcel Broodthaers 的装置艺术展、Agnes Martin 的20世纪60年代作品展、Dan Flavin 向俄罗斯解构雕塑家 Vladimir Tatlin 致敬的展览 “Monument”、Clyfford Still 罕见的绘画展,以及 Roy Lichtenstein 20世纪70年代的 “镜面绘画” 展。事实证明,这些展览对新生代艺术家具有影响力。

到20世纪90年代,SoHo逐渐发展成一个热闹的商业区,不再是艺术家的聚居地,也不再为艺术家提供灵感源泉。1996年5月,画廊迁至位于市中心第五大道和57街的交叉路口——历史悠久的艺术十字路口。

画廊的搬迁也带来新的机遇,在新的环境下展出了年轻艺术家与繁华大都市相关的作品。通过这一项目,画廊展示和建立了与新艺术家的关系,如 Carol Bove、Thomas Demand、Ellen Gallagher、Terence Koh、Aleksandra Mir 和 Mika Rottenberg。这些艺术家许多都在画廊举办过个展。

2000年11月,Mary Boone画廊在发展中的切尔西艺术区开办了另一间画廊,原是一间旧车库。新画廊可以举办更大规模的展览,也为大型作品和戏剧化的装置艺术提供了设施,如 Peter Halley 的绘画和墙纸、Marc Quinn 的四肢残缺的大理石人像、James Lee Byars 的纪念性雕塑,以及最重要的一件作品 —— Barbara Kruger 的四声道DVD装置。

今天,除了与画廊长期合作的艺术家,如 Ross Bleckner、Francesco Clemente、Barbara Kruger、Barry Le Va 和 Keith Sonnier,画廊也代理其他一些国际知名的艺术家,如艾未未、Robert Barry、Ericka Beckman、Sadie Benning、Judith Bernstein、五木田智央 (Tomoo Gokita)、Jacob Hashimoto、KAWS、Ed Paschke 和 Peter Saul。

Mary Boone Gallery was founded in New York in 1977. The first Gallery was a small ground floor space at the renowned SoHo address 420 West Broadway. From the outset, the Gallery was committed to showing the work of innovative young artists.

By the early 1980s, two artists who started with the Gallery – David Salle and Julian Schnabel – had attained international recognition. Both were given dual exhibitions with the Gallery’s upstairs neighbor, Leo Castelli Gallery. In September 1981 Mary Boone Gallery expanded by completing a dramatic renovation of a truck garage directly across the street.

Other prominent New York-based artists under Gallery representation during this period include Richard Artschwager, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Ross Bleckner, Eric Fischl, Roni Horn, Barbara Kruger, Sherrie Levine, Brice Marden, Matt Mullican, and Richard Tuttle. Significant international artists were also represented by the Gallery during the 1980s, including Georg Baselitz, James Lee Byars, Francesco Clemente, Jorg Immendorff, Anselm Kiefer, Jannis Kounellis, Malcolm Morley, Sigmar Polke.

The Gallery intermittently mounted historical shows such as works by Francis Picabia, an installation by Marcel Broodthaers, 1960s paintings by Agnes Martin, a group of the “monument” for V. Tatlin sculptures by Dan Flavin, the rarely seen paintings of Clyfford Still, and the “Mirror Paintings” of the 1970s by Roy Lichtenstein. These exhibitions proved to be influential to the upcoming generation of artists.

By the 1990s, SoHo had evolved into a lively commercial district no longer chiefly inhabited by, and nurturing to, artists. In May 1996 the Gallery moved uptown to Fifth Avenue and 57 Street, long established crossroads of the art world.

With the move came the opportunity to show the work of young artists associated with “downtown” in a new context. Through this program the Gallery has shown and developed relationships with new artists such as Carol Bove, Thomas Demand, Ellen Gallagher, Terence Koh, Aleksandra Mir, and Mika Rottenberg. A number of these artists proceeded to mount solo shows at the Gallery.

In November 2000, Mary Boone Gallery opened an additional space in Manhattan’s developing Chelsea art district – again in a former garage. This Gallery allowed for an expanded exhibition schedule and provided facilities for large-scale works and dramatic installations, such as Peter Halley’s explosive hanging of paintings and wallpaper, Marc Quinn’s complete series of carved marble statues of persons with missing limbs, monumental sculpture by James Lee Byars, and, most importantly, a four-channel DVD installation by Barbara Kruger.

Today, in addition to artists long-associated with the Gallery – Ross Bleckner, Francesco Clemente, Barbara Kruger, Barry Le Va, Keith Sonnier – the gallery represents internationally established artists such as Ai Weiwei, Robert Barry, Ericka Beckman, Sadie Benning, Judith Bernstein, Tomoo Gokita, Jacob Hashimoto, KAWS, Ed Paschke, and Peter Saul.

艾未未:根与枝干

Ai Weiwei 2016: Roots and Branches, AI Weiwei